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Description

OSTaskStkChk() determines a task’s stack statistics. Specifically, it computes the amount of free stack space, as well as the amount of stack space used by the specified task. This function requires that the task be created with the OS_TASK_OPT_STK_CHK and OS_TASK_OPT_STK_CLR options.

Stack sizing is accomplished by walking from the bottom of the stack and counting the number of 0 entries on the stack until a non-zero value is found.

It is possible to not set the OS_TASK_OPT_STK_CLR when creating the task if the startup code clears all RAM, and tasks are not deleted (this reduces the execution time of OSTaskCreate()).

µC/OS-III’s statistic task calls OSTaskStkChk() for each task created and stores the results in each task’s OS_TCB so your application doesn’t need to call this function if the statistic task is enabled.

Files

os.h/os_task.c

Prototype

void  OSTaskStkChk (OS_TCB        *p_tcb,
                    CPU_STK_SIZE  *p_free,
                    CPU_STK_SIZE  *p_used,
                    OS_ERR        *p_err)

Arguments

p_tcb

is a pointer to the TCB of the task where the stack is being checked. A NULL pointer indicates that the user is checking the calling task’s stack.

p_free

is a pointer to a variable of type CPU_STK_SIZE and will contain the number of free CPU_STK elements on the stack of the task being inquired about.

p_used

is a pointer to a variable of type CPU_STK_SIZE and will contain the number of used CPU_STK elements on the stack of the task being inquired about.

p_err

is a pointer to a variable that will contain an error code returned by this function.

OS_ERR_NONE

If the call was successful.

OS_ERR_PTR_INVALID

If OS_CFG_ARG_CHK_EN is set to DEF_ENABLED in os_cfg.h: if either p_free or p_used are NULL pointers.

OS_ERR_TASK_NOT_EXIST

If the stack pointer of the task is a NULL pointer.

OS_ERR_TASK_OPT

If OS_OPT_TASK_STK_CHK was not specififed when creating the task being checked.

OS_ERR_TASK_STK_CHK_ISR

If OS_CFG_CALLED_FROM_ISR_CHK_EN set to DEF_ENABLED in os_cfg.h: if calling this function from an ISR.

Returned Value

None

Required Configuration

OS_CFG_TASK_STAT_CHK_EN must be enabled in os_cfg.h. Refer to µC-OS-III Configuration Manual.

Callers

Application.

Notes/Warnings

  1. Execution time of this task depends on the size of the task’s stack.
  2. The application can determine the total task stack space (in number of CPU_STK elements) by adding the value of *p_free and *p_used. This number should add up to the task’s stack size which is stored in the .StkSize field of the OS_TCB of the task.
  3. The #define CPU_CFG_STK_GROWTH must be declared (typically from os_cpu.h). When this #define is set to CPU_STK_GROWTH_LO_TO_HI, the stack grows from low memory to high memory. When this #define is set to CPU_STK_GROWTH_HI_TO_LO, the stack grows from high memory to low memory.

Example Usage

          OS_TCB  MyTaskTCB;
           
           
          void Task (void *p_arg)
          {
              OS_ERR        err;
              CPU_STK_SIZE  n_free;
              CPU_STK_SIZE  n_used;
           
           
              (void)&p_arg;
              while (DEF_ON) {
                  :
                  :
                  OSTaskStkChk(&MyTaskTCB,
                               &n_free,
                               &n_used,
                               &err);
                  /* Check “err” */
                  :
                  :
              }
          }
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